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Tuesday, January 10, 2012

Computer Hardware Familiarization Part-3.

The computer hardware that you need to know is the DVD/CD/DVD-RW ROM Drive.  This is another standard feature components of a computer. These comes in the old IDE and the new SATA configuration. This drive is important  because this is where we put all our DVD disc for movie, application and many more if we want their content to installed or seen in the computer.


CD-ROMs are popularly used to distribute computer software, including video games and multimedia applications, though any data can be stored (up to the capacity limit of a disc). Some CDs hold both computer data and audio with the latter capable of being played on a CD player, while data (such as software or digital video) is only usable on a computer (such as ISO 9660 format PC CD-ROMs). These are called enhanced CDs.

Although many people use lowercase letters in this acronym, proper presentation is in all capital letters with a hyphen between CD and ROM. At the time of the technology's introduction it had more capacity than computer hard drives common at the time. The reverse is now true, with hard drives far exceeding CDs, DVDs and Blu-ray, though some experimental descendants of it such as HVDs may have more space and faster data rates than today's biggest hard drive.
English: Image of an ASUS CD-Rom Drive CD-S520/A4Image via Wikipedia

hardware optical drive interface of Sony DVD-R...Image via Wikipedia

Acorn Risc PC 600 with 2 case slices, 3.5Image via Wikipedia

Internal mechanism of a DVD-ROM Drive. See tex...Image via Wikipedia

Now we have come to the optional hardware part. I categories them as optional because the computer will work without these parts because they are already built-in of has become part of the computer motherboard. These hardware components are the Graphics Card or video cards, network card and the sound cards. But if you like to have a high type of these card you need to know be to be familiar with the add in separate type for each card.

A video card, display card, graphics card, or graphics adapter is an expansion card which generates output images to a display. Most video cards offer various functions such as accelerated rendering of 3D scenes and 2D graphics, MPEG-2/MPEG-4 decoding, TV output, or the ability to connect multiple monitors. Other modern high performance video cards are used for more graphically demanding purposes, such as PC games.

Video or Graphics Card

GeForce FX5900 graphics cardImage via Wikipedia

Graphics card 4Image via Wikipedia

English: Common connectors on a Graphics card....Image via Wikipedia

Deutsch: Original Hercules Graphics Card (HGC)...Image via Wikipedia

English: Graphics card with Trident TGUI9440.Image via Wikipedia

Video hardware is often integrated into the motherboard, however all modern motherboards provide expansion ports to which a video card can be attached. In this configuration it is sometimes referred to as a video controller or graphics controller. Modern low-end to mid-range motherboards often include a graphics chipset manufactured by the developer of the northbridge on the motherboard. This graphics chip usually has a small quantity of embedded memory and takes some of the system's main RAM, reducing the total RAM available. 

This is usually called integrated graphics or on-board graphics, and is low-performance and undesirable for those wishing to run 3D applications. A dedicated graphics card on the other hand has its own RAM and Processor specifically for processing video images, and thus offloads this work from the CPU and system RAM. Almost all of these motherboards allow the disabling of the integrated graphics chip in BIOS, and have an AGP, PCI, or PCI Express slot for adding a higher-performance graphics card in place of the integrated graphics.

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